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Lumbini - Facts and Figures

  • Lumbini is the birthplace of the Buddha and it is situated in present day Nepal.
  • It is located 22km south-west of Siddharthanagar (Bhairawa).
  • Lumbini was visited by the Buddha several times.
  • After the Buddha's demise Lumbini became a Buddhist holy place.
  • In 249 B.C. Emperor Asoka visited Lumbini and erected an inscribed stone pillar marking the birth place of the Buddha.
  • The account of Shui-Ching-Chu of 4th century A.D. recorded the existence of the Asokan pillar and seven stones marking first seven steps of the Buddha.
  • Fa-Hsian (403 A.D.) and Hiuen Tsiang (636 A.D.) Chinese travellers visited Lumbini.
  • 1312 A.D. Ripu Malla from Kathmandu Valley visited Lumbini.
  • 1893 A.D. Major Jaskarna Singh of Nepal rediscovered it.
  • 1896 A.D. Dr. Alois A. Fuhrer, German archaeologist excavated the site for the first time.
  • 1899 A.D. P. C. Mukherji, Indian archaeologist surveyed and excavated the site.
  • 1908 A.D. and 1924 A.D. P. Landon, a renowned historian on Nepal visited Lumbini.
  • 1932-1939 A.D. General Keshar Sumsher J.B.R. excavated and restored the site.
  • 1967 U.N. Secretary General U. Thant visited Lumbini and made Lumbini
  • Development Project an international concern. A master plan for the Lumbini development was prepared by Prof. Kenzo Tange of Japan.
  • 1970-1971 A.D. B.K. Rijal, a Nepalese archaeologist located and excavated Lumbini village as mentioned in Asokan Pillar.
  • 1992 A.D. an archaeological excavation of the Mayadevi shrine was started with assistant from Japanese archaeologists.
  • 25 July 1995 a rare terra-cotta panel depicting Prince Siddhartha at royal ease in his bed chamber with Princess Yosodhara was found at the excavation.
  • The image is of Gandhara art and its date could be 4th-6th century A.D. Its size is 68x37 cm.
  • On 4th Feb 1996 Prime Minister of Nepal declared the discovery of the exact location of Buddha's birth spot.
  • Many construction works according to the master plan have finished e.g. foundation work of the whole project, Lumbini International Research Institute etc.
  • Many Buddhist monasteries representing different countries are either complete or under construction. Monasteries from Myanmar, Thailand, Korea, China, Japan, and Vietnam are mostly or partially finished.

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